Jumps play a significant role in many sport disciplines. During the point of flight, lack of ground contact means an individual cannot change the course of movement, but frequently has to perform complex tasks related to the sports contest (i.e., basketball throw, catch, volleyball block, jumping kick). Doing these tasks well hinges on one’s level of jumping ability. Jumping ability is a multifaceted movement skill depending on, among other factors, dimensions and proportions of the individual, strength, speed, and elasticity of the muscles taking part in the launch as well as on neuromuscular coordination. Jumping ability is trained mostly through the repetitive method, aiming mainly to increase the explosive strength of the muscles taking part in the ascent, conquering the skill of executing very fast movements in a custom similar to the jump, mobilising for those movements the uppermost possible muscle power production, and occasions calling for jumping high recurrently developing sport-specific jumping endurance. Jumping ability can be fairly accurately quantified, for instance, by a reach jump.
The aforementioned repetitive method entails exercises that are repeated several times with the same force, while the character and length of rest breaks are not set ahead of time but adjusted conferring to the individual’s exhaustion. If the period of rest breaks is immovable, then this will be referred to as the interval method, while performing a selected plan of exercises in fixed intensity and order for each is known as a circuit method. Jumping ability exercises are very dynamic, they drum up all muscle groups and arrange their actions, they are a handy outcome of strength and speed, and require good coordination. Choosing a suitable grouping of conditions, landscape, and exercises with appropriate resistance makes it possible for these exercises to be an effective measure of a training programme at any period.
- Kurz, Thomas. Science of sports training: how to plan and control training for peak performance. Island Pond, VT, U.S.A.: Stadion, 1991.
- Starzynski, Tadeusz, and Henryk Sozanski. Explosive power and jumping ability for all sports: atlas of exercises. Island Pond, VT: Stadion, 1999.